Xeloda (Capecitabine)



Active ingredient: Capecitabine

Dosages: 500mg

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What is Xeloda (Capecitabine)?

Xeloda is an oral chemotherapy medication used to treat certain types of cancer, including breast and colorectal cancer. Its active ingredient, Capecitabine, works by interfering with the DNA production of cancer cells, which ultimately inhibits their ability to grow and spread. This targeted approach allows capecitabine to attack cancer cells while minimizing the impact on normal, healthy cells. Taking the drug in pill form at home is convenient for patients, providing a level of comfort and flexibility compared to traditional intravenous chemotherapy treatments.

Patients typically take Xeloda in cycles, following a specific schedule that maximizes its effectiveness while giving the body time to recover. This cyclical approach allows for more manageable treatment periods, helping patients maintain a higher quality of life during their cancer therapy. Always follow your oncologist’s instructions carefully when taking this medication, as they will tailor the dosage and schedule to your specific condition and response to treatment. This personalized care ensures that the medicine is used as effectively and safely as possible in your fight against cancer.

Frequently Asked Questions about Xeloda (Capecitabine)

The information in these FAQs is for educational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice. Always seek the guidance of a qualified healthcare professional before making any changes to your health care, including medications. This content does not substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice, or treatment. If you have any specific concerns or questions about a medical condition, consult your doctor or another qualified health provider promptly. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it because of something you have read in these FAQs.

What is Xeloda used for?

Xeloda (Capecitabine) is used to treat various types of cancer, most notably breast cancer and colorectal cancer. It is an oral chemotherapy drug that helps to slow or stop the growth of cancer cells. By converting to its active form within the body, the medication specifically targets cancer cells, making it an effective treatment option for patients who require chemotherapy. The drug is often part of a combination therapy regimen, enhancing its effectiveness when used with other cancer treatments. It’s particularly useful in:

  • metastatic breast cancer
  • colon cancer after surgery
  • colorectal cancer

These targeted applications highlight the drug’s role in providing effective cancer treatment through a convenient oral administration method.

Is Capecitabine the same as Xeloda?

Yes, Capecitabine is the generic name for the brand-name drug Xeloda. Both medications contain the same active ingredient and work in the same way to treat cancer. The primary difference is that Xeloda is the branded version, while Capecitabine may be produced by various manufacturers as a generic option. Despite this, they offer the same efficacy and safety profile. Patients can expect similar outcomes whether using the generic or branded version, depending on availability and cost.

What is Xeloda made of?

Xeloda is made of Capecitabine, an oral chemotherapy drug. It is formulated to convert into 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in the body, which interferes with the DNA production of cancer cells. This conversion allows the drug to target cancer cells more effectively while minimizing its impact on healthy cells. By focusing on cancer cells, the tablet helps reduce tumor size and prevent the spread of cancer. Its composition makes it a versatile option in cancer therapy.

How does Xeloda work with radiation?

Xeloda can be used in combination with radiation therapy to enhance the overall effectiveness of cancer treatment. The drug sensitizes cancer cells to radiation, making them more susceptible to damage and destruction. This combined approach can improve treatment outcomes by attacking cancer cells through multiple mechanisms. Patients undergoing this combination therapy may experience improved tumor shrinkage and better control of cancer progression. This synergy is particularly beneficial in treating certain types of breast and colorectal cancers.

How to take Xeloda 500mg?

These tablets should be taken exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Typically, the tablets are taken twice a day, within 30 minutes after a meal, to enhance absorption and reduce stomach upset. Patients follow a specific cycle of treatment days followed by a rest period, which helps manage side effects and improve the drug’s efficacy. Consistency in taking the medication is crucial for optimal results. It’s important to adhere to the prescribed schedule and dosage.

What does Xeloda do to your body?

Capecitabine, the drug’s active ingredient, works by interfering with the DNA synthesis of cancer cells, preventing them from growing and multiplying. This targeted action helps reduce the size of tumors and slow the progression of the disease. By taking capecitabine in tablet form, patients can conveniently manage their treatment at home. This ease of administration is a significant advantage over traditional intravenous chemotherapy. Regular monitoring by healthcare providers ensures that the treatment is effective and adjusts as needed.

What are the side effects of Xeloda?

Xeloda (Capecitabine) can cause a range of side effects, some of which may require medical attention.

Common side effects include:

  • fatigue
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea

Patients may also experience hand-foot syndrome, characterized by redness, swelling, and pain in the palms and soles. Additionally, the drug can cause loss of appetite and weight loss, which should be monitored closely. Other potential side effects include mouth sores, abdominal pain, and changes in liver function tests. It’s important to communicate any side effects to your healthcare provider to manage them effectively and adjust treatment if necessary.

How effective is Xeloda 500 mg?

The effectiveness of this drug varies depending on the type and stage of cancer being treated. It has been shown to be particularly effective in treating breast and colorectal cancers. The drug’s ability to target cancer cells specifically often results in significant improvements in tumor reduction and disease management. Many patients experience prolonged survival rates and better quality of life. The success of Capecitabine as a chemotherapy drug underscores its importance in oncology.

How long can I take Xeloda?

The duration of Xeloda treatment depends on the type of cancer, the response to the drug, and the specific treatment plan outlined by your oncologist. Treatment cycles can vary, and some patients may take capecitabine tablets for several months to years. Continuous monitoring and regular check-ups with your healthcare provider are essential to determine the appropriate length of treatment. Adjustments may be made based on how well the cancer responds to the therapy. Long-term use requires careful management to balance effectiveness and side effects.

What is the dosage for Xeloda?

The dosage of Xeloda (Capecitabine) 500mg tablets is typically determined based on the patient’s body surface area, which is calculated using their height and weight. Generally, the medication is taken twice daily for 14 days, followed by a 7-day rest period to allow the body to recover. The specific dosage and schedule will be tailored to each patient’s unique needs and how they respond to the treatment. Adjustments may be necessary to manage side effects and optimize the effectiveness of the therapy. Always follow the dosing instructions provided by your healthcare provider to ensure the best possible outcomes.

How does Xeloda make you feel?

Xeloda Capecitabine 500 mg tablets can cause various feelings and symptoms, ranging from mild to more intense, depending on the individual and the dosage. Common experiences include fatigue, nausea, and diarrhea. It is important to report any persistent or severe side effects to your healthcare provider to manage them effectively and adjust treatment as needed. Some patients may also experience hand-foot syndrome, which involves redness and swelling of the palms and soles. Managing side effects is a crucial part of the treatment process.

Should Xeloda be taken with food?

Yes, the tablet should be taken with food to improve absorption and reduce the risk of stomach upset. It is recommended to take the tablets within 30 minutes after a meal. This practice helps to ensure that the medication is absorbed more efficiently by the body, optimizing its effectiveness. Taking Xeloda with food also helps minimize gastrointestinal discomfort. Adherence to this guideline is important for maintaining consistent drug levels.

Can Xeloda cause weight loss?

Yes, weight loss can be a side effect of Xeloda 500mg. This can result from a combination of reduced appetite, nausea, and gastrointestinal issues like diarrhea. Patients experiencing significant weight loss should discuss this with their healthcare provider to manage symptoms and maintain nutritional health during treatment. Monitoring weight and nutritional intake is important for overall health and well-being. Strategies to mitigate weight loss may include dietary adjustments and supportive care.

Where can I find more information about Xeloda?

You can find detailed information about Xeloda (Capecitabine) here. For comprehensive details and personalized advice, you should also consult your pharmacist or healthcare provider.

By Dr. Michael Thompson
Medically Reviewed by Dr. John Herring
Last Updated: June 19, 2024